World Stroke Day Camp 2013
Stroke - a non-communicable disease that attacks 15 million people worldwide every year and claims a life every six seconds – can be beaten. The good news is that the Stroke is caused by risk factors that can be controlled, treated or modified and so Dr Anant Madaan organized a public awareness programme on prevention, diagnosis, treatment and complications of Stroke.
Dr Anant Madaan giving a talk about Stroke patient education and public awareness on World Stroke Day.
Stroke (also known as cerebrovascular disease) occurs when a blood vessel that carries oxygen and nutrients to the brain is either blocked by a clot or bursts. When that happens, part of the brain cannot get the blood and oxygen it needs, so it starts to die. The extent and location of the brain cell damage determines the severity of the stroke, which can range from minimal to catastrophic. Because different areas of the brain control different functions, the specific effects of a particular stroke depend on which area of the brain is injured. A small stroke in a critical area of the brain can be permanently disabling. Because brain cells do not regenerate, damage to the nerve cells is permanent. Millions of brain cells die each minute a stroke is untreated. Ruptured blood vessels cause hemorrhagic or bleeding strokes.
What are the warning signs of stroke?
@ Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body.
@ Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding.
@ Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes.
@ Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination.
Patients listening to Dr Anant Madaan's talk
There are two types of stroke caused by an isolated blood vessel that hampers blood flow to the brain:
@ That where the vessel clogs within - ischemic stroke
@ Where the vessel ruptures, causing blood to leak into the brain - hemorrhagic stroke.
Ischemic stroke accounts for about 87 percent of all cases. Ischemic strokes occur as a result of an obstruction within a blood vessel supplying blood to the brain. The underlying condition for this type of obstruction is the development of fatty deposits lining the vessel walls. This condition is called atherosclerosis. These fatty deposits can cause two types of obstruction:1. Cerebral thrombosis refers to a thrombus (blood clot) that develops at the clogged part of the vessel. 2. Cerebral embolism refers generally to a blood clot that forms at another location in the circulatory system, usually the heart and large arteries of the upper chest and neck. A portion of the blood clot breaks loose, enters the bloodstream and travels through the brain's blood vessels until it reaches vessels too small to let it pass. A second important cause of embolism is an irregular heartbeat, known as atrial fibrillation. It creates conditions where clots can form in the heart, dislodge and travel to the brain.
Hemorrhagic stroke accounts for about 13 percent of stroke cases. It results from a weakened vessel that ruptures and bleeds into the surrounding brain. The blood accumulates and compresses the surrounding brain tissue. The two types of hemorrhagic strokes are intracerebral hemorrhage or subarachnoid hemorrhage.Hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a weakened blood vessel ruptures. Two types of weakened blood vessels usually cause hemorrhagic stroke: aneurysms and arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). An aneurysm is a ballooning of a weakened region of a blood vessel. If left untreated, the aneurysm continues to weaken until it ruptures and bleeds into the brain. An arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a cluster of abnormally formed blood vessels. Any one of these vessels can rupture, also causing bleeding into the brain.
Here are six steps anyone can take to reduce the risk and the danger of stroke:-
1. Know your personal risk factors: high blood pressure, diabetes, and high blood cholesterol.
2. Be physically active and exercise regularly.
3. Maintain a healthy diet high in fruit and vegetable and low in salt to stay a healthy state and keep blood pressure low.
4. Limit alcohol consumption.
5. Avoid cigarette smoke. If you smoke, seek help to stop now.
6. Learn to recognize the warning signs of a stroke.
It is recommended that salt intake be reduced to less than 5g a day to lower the risk of having a stroke.
@ Salt raises our blood pressure.
@ The higher our blood pressure, the higher our risk of stroke.
@ Adults should have less than 5grams of salt a day, and children even less.
@ It is particularly important that children do not eat too much salt, as blood pressure first starts to rise in childhood.
@ Much of the salt we eat is in everyday foods such as bread, sauces, cheese and processed meat, as well as salt added at the table and during cooking.
@ Take time to get used to lower salt food, and you will enjoy it as much, if not more, than salty food.
Atrial Fibrillation (AF) is an under-diagnosed and under-treated heart condition and a major risk factor for stroke. AF causes the two upper chambers of the heart (the atria) to quiver instead of beating effectively, resulting in blood not being completely pumped out, which in turn causes pooling and can lead to clotting. These clots can travel to the brain and trigger a major and often fatal stroke. Stroke due to AF is highly preventable by anti-clotting drugs.
Do not take chances. One in six people is at risk for stroke – it could be you. Learn the facts. Save a life today. Act Now!
Know your personal risk factors: high blood pressure, diabetes, and high blood cholesterol.
Be physically active and exercise regularly.
Avoid obesity by keeping to a healthy diet.
Limit alcohol consumption.
Avoid cigarette smoke. If you smoke, seek help to stop now.
Learn to recognize the warning signs of a stroke and how to take action.
Dr Anant Madaan giving a talk about the role of diabetes and blood pressure control and its role in prevention of Stroke on World Stroke Day
Patients listening to Dr Anant Madaan's talk.
The FAST test is an easy way for everyone to remember and recognize the signs of stroke. FAST stands for Face, Arms, Speech and Time to act:
Face - Check their face. Has their mouth drooped?
Arms - Can they lift both arms?
Speech - Is their speech slurred? Do they understand you?
Time - Is critical. If you notice any of these warning signs, act FAST. Call your local emergency medical services or get to the nearest hospital immediately.
Think FAST. Act Fast. Stroke is a medical emergency.
Patients listening to Dr Anant Madaan's talk.
There was no registration fee for this medical camp. More than 350 patients had free screening of their blood sugar, blood pressure and also free consultation by Dr Anant Madaan.
Patients getting their blood glucose tested for free.
Patients getting their blood blood pressure checked for free.
Stroke patients were also given free physiotherapy counselling, guidance and help.
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